Reflective questions for internal and external QA of micro-credentials

This guidance aims to support quality assurance agencies, higher education institutions and alternative education providers in their work on assuring the quality of micro-credentials in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). It does so by setting out a series of reflective questions to guide stakeholders in developing or reviewing their internal and external quality assurance policies and processes. The reflective questions are intended to provoke internal discussion and reflection, rather than to provide any prescriptive standards or guidelines. Each question is accompanied by a short explanation to highlight some key issues for consideration, depending on the context. The questions may be used to guide initial discussions but could equally be used as a self-assessment tool to reflect on the effectiveness of existing approaches.

The guidance is produced as part of the three-year Implementation and Innovation in quality assurance through peer learning (IMINQA) project, which supports the work of the Bologna Process Thematic Peer Group C on Quality Assurance (TPG C). The project is co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme. It is based on research conducted by an IMINQA working group led by ENQA (European Association of Quality Assurance in Higher Education).

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